Office work at first glance may seem gentle health: it does not require great physical strength and is not associated with an aggressive environment, such as in the chemical industry. However, office workers can be exposed to a variety of so-called "professional" disease whose symptoms may not appear for a long time. Basic knowledge about these diseases can change the way you look at work in the office and in the future to prevent the emergence of serious health problems.
Consider the most common ones:
Microcirculation disturbance and fatigue
The level of humidity in the room - an important factor for maintaining good health, because the human body is 60% * of water. If the office is dominated by dry air, for example, when using the air conditioner, the employee may be disturbed circulation of oxygen to the bloodstream. As a result, drowsiness, fatigue, risk of frequent respiratory and skin diseases. If possible, it is best to equip a room humidifier, and drink more pure non-carbonated water.
Dry eye syndrome
Long hours at the computer lead to the development of so-called syndrome of "dry eye". Today, it is increasingly common among office workers. If you know the feeling of fatigue, "sand" and hurt one's eyes, it is time to consult with an ophthalmologist or a few times a day to perform simple exercises for eyes (circular rotation in the clockwise and counterclockwise). Remember - to maintain visual acuity, working at the computer, it is necessary to translate the look into the distance from the monitor and on the sides at least every 5 minutes.
Spending all day in a sitting position, which increases the load on the spine, an office worker at risk "buy" disease of the musculoskeletal system. Compounding the situation, and bad posture: often people whose activities are connected with the work at the computer, sitting at the table and pulling neck hunched forward (which is easier to look at the computer screen). Regardless of the age of curvature of the spine can cause poor health or development of chronic diseases. Sedentary office work leads to changes in the intervertebral discs and pinched nerves. In addition, office workers often notice recurring pain in the muscles of the back, neck and hands.
For the prevention of scoliosis, degenerative disc disease, sciatica and spinal curvature must move more regularly do exercises and sports, as well as periodically undergo a course of massage. Especially useful exercises on the bar to stretch the spine. During the working day, try to get into the habit of constantly monitor posture - keep your back properly, leaning back in his chair, a monitor at the same time should be at eye level. Also, if possible, more often change position. After the end of the day, instead of using public transport or private car as much as possible, give preference to pedestrian walks.
Joint pain of varying intensity complain 58% of men and women engaged in sedentary sedentary work. ** Prevent the development of serious problems with the joints will help an active lifestyle - take the time to workout in the gym, if possible give up the elevator and public transport, or to devote at least half an hour a day of hiking in the surroundings.
It is also important to know that the pain can be a sign of osteortroza in the early stages of the disease, which is caused by cartilage damage joints. After the first symptoms slowly progressing, osteoarthritis causes disruption of the joint and leads to reduced mobility. Therefore it is extremely important time to see a doctor and begin treatment. As a means of preventing the destruction of cartilage in the joints, hondroprotektory used, for example, one of the most famous - the drug "Teraflex" from Bayer. With proper reception (at least 3 months), it improves joint mobility and slows the progression of osteoarthritis.
When you are a long time in a seated position, under the action of gravity in the veins of the lower extremities accumulates an additional amount of blood. With long-term fixed seat venous blood volume in each leg increases dramatically, which may eventually contribute to the risk of developing varicose veins. Since it is not always possible to get up every hour from work and walk around the office, an alternative may be exercises for the legs (warm feet) behind a desk.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
If you are constantly running for the PC at risk and hands: from office workers often develop carpal tunnel syndrome. Its main symptoms - numbness in hands, pain in the fingers of varying intensity. To prevent further progression of the disease, work on the correct posture, regular exercise the wrist and possibly equip a home computer keyboard and mouse anatomical shape.
Remember - to maintain health, working in the office, is not difficult. It is important to get a good habit that will gradually enter into your life. When sedentary lifestyle in the body breaks down the metabolism, so try to move more and do not miss playing sports - this will help to maintain the metabolism at an appropriate level and prevent the occurrence of chronic diseases. God bless you!