In ancient times, there are many ways for pregnancy tests. But in the modern world they are, of course, not used.
Our contemporary at a delay menstruation is likely to decide to use a pregnancy test. What is this, and can I trust them?
Despite the outward differences, based on the actions of all the modern tests, is a reaction to a specific hormone (human chorionic gonadotropin - hCG). This hormone is produced in a woman's body from the first days of pregnancy and excreted in the urine. HCG gradually builds up and reaches a level where the test can react to it. This happens in the first days of delayed menstruation, and sometimes earlier.
When do the test?
Pregnancy tests and ovulyatsiyuV instructions often write that the test has been working on the seventh day after conception, which takes place in mid-cycle. However, this time may not always accumulate amount of human chorionic gonadotropin which responds to the test. It is better to use the test when presumably to begin menstruation.
After the test is done, regardless of the results need to see a doctor. If assumptions about the pregnancy confirmed, the doctor will exclude ectopic pregnancy, and early registration will be good insurance for successful development of pregnancy. If the delay continues, and the test shows negative results, the doctor will help understand the causes of menstrual irregularities.
types of tests
Test strip or strip - test.
Tablet test (the test strip in the plastic plate), the test is applied to the pipette urine.
Inkjet test. This test is inserted under a stream of urine and does not require additional capacity.
Electronic test. Instead strip appears: Shows «pregnant» - «pregnant", and if not, then shows «not pregnant» - «not pregnant."
What is ovulation?
Ovulation - a period when one of the ovarian follicle bursts - a vial from which the ripe, ready to fertilize the egg - a female sex cell. This event occurs in the middle of each menstrual cycle. Determine the time of ovulation you need to know how to protect themselves, and if you decide to get pregnant, in order to know when to do it better. In a number of gynecological diseases presence or absence of ovulation is diagnostic and recovery of ovulation - an indicator of the effectiveness of treatment.
How to determine ovulation?
Understand, when the egg is released from the ovary can be different ways. Many of them are simple and can be performed in ordinary household conditions.
Calendar method. Since ovulation occurs practically in the middle of the menstrual cycle, it is necessary to start to count the duration. This period of time from the beginning of menstruation to the next. For example, the onset of menstruation - 21 October and the beginning of the next menstrual period - November 21, ie, the menstrual cycle is 30 days. Consequently, ovulation will have about 5 of November. To determine the length of the menstrual cycle should count the duration of the three, but rather the last six cycles, then the figures will be more reliable.
Measurement of basal temperature (the temperature in the rectum). The temperature in the rectum or vagina measured in the morning, not getting out of bed, the usual thermometer for 5 minutes. Indicators are recorded. If the measured temperature is not preceded by a night's sleep, the figures may be unreliable. On the day of ovulation is easy to see the jump basal temperature from normal to elevated numbers. This jump should not be less than 0,6 ° C. For example, you measure the temperature on the first day of menstruation, and it varies from 36,0 ° C to 36,7 ° C. On the 13th day the temperature was 36,5 ° C, and on the 14th day was 37,3 ° C. This day can be considered as the day of ovulation. Next basal temperature will be held at elevated numbers before the next menstruation.
Evaluation of the cervical mucus. Normally, a woman's body entrance to the uterus closed the so-called mucus plug - portion of thick mucus, located in the cervical canal. It remains thick until until ovulation occurs. At the time of ovulation, the mucus becomes watery and stringy. If you try to stretch it between your fingers, like gum, it will reach up to 10-12 cm. As a rule, in the days after ovulation women notice an increasing amount of bleeding.
signs of Ovulation
There are a number of subjective signs that a woman at this particular point in time ovulation occurs. These include short-term and not strong abdominal pain, increased mucus released by the cervix, lowering the temperature in the mouth or vagina. In addition, some women during ovulation test is very sharp sexual attraction to a partner that is caused by the action of hormonal substances. However, all of these features can not be considered completely accurate, only the doctor is able to say with certainty whether ovulation has occurred or not.
With the advent of individual microscopes became possible to accurately determine the day of ovulation method of crystallization of saliva (the so-called symptom of fern). On the day of ovulation in a woman's body there is a certain balance of hormones, so the saliva dries on the glass crystallizes in the form of a fern leaf, which is easily seen in the microscope (you can buy in a drugstore).
Another method that can be quite accurately specify the day on which the egg is released from yaichnika- "Ovulation Test", which is available over the counter.
In order to achieve a successful outcome is good to use all available methods, especially if a regular menstrual cycle. If marked irregularity of the menstrual cycle, the more appropriate method of basal body temperature and crystallization of saliva.
Having determined the time of ovulation, you can learn not only the time of the alleged conception, but also to do everything to future baby was healthy. For example, if the menstrual cycle in which you are planning pregnancy, turned out to be anovulatory (no ovulation and corpus luteum development, while maintaining bleeding), it makes sense during the next month to use contraceptives. And, of course, the timing of ovulation will allow you to diagnose any pathology and successfully treat it.