On vacation in Cairo life flies swiftly; in full swing, the whirlwind passeth, tightening the funnel of modern entertainment and pleasure. And Old Cairo, as if in contrast to this rapid flow of life, unhurried and sizes. Here you will encounter numerous mosques city of a thousand minarets, cozy bustling shops and legendary bazaar of Khan El Khalili, where you can buy everything and find a truly outlandish products.
Cairo - a city of museums, explore the cultural and historical richness of which, perhaps, is not enough for two lifetimes. In the Egyptian Museum where more gold than the stone, you can see a grand sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. Of course, the most important treasure in Cairo - the only thing which has come down to our times wonder of the world, the majestic pyramids of Giza, the mystery of the origin of which still remains unsolved.
Talk about the diversity of rest in Cairo is simply impossible. This city is not one of those that can be described in words. Cairo need to see from the inside, to feel his strength ancient warrior, the wisdom of the prophet and become pharaoh.
Cairo - the largest city of the African continent, it extends on both sides of the Great Nile, where the river divides into two branches - Rosetta and Damietta, in the southern part of the delta. Cairo is located on the southern boundary of the subtropical zone - at a latitude of 30 degrees north of the equator. On the banks of the Nile, surrounded by vast deserts grow in a variety of date palms, cypress, acacia, and myrtle trees.
In Cairo are hundreds of museums and monuments. The main pearl in this treasure - Citadel, Egyptian Museum, Old Cairo, and of course - the Egyptian pyramids and the Sphinx. Cairo is filled with monuments of Muslim architecture, among them - the citadel of Saladin, the world's oldest fortress, for two millennia, the former stronghold of the Egyptians. Inside the fortress stands the huge mosque, which bears the name of Muhammad Ali. Particular attention is paid by tourists Egyptian Museum: here a unique collection of artifacts, among them - funeral mask of King Tutankhamun. If you visit the island a few kilometers from Cairo, you can see the village of Pharaoh - Historical Park, where recreated the life of ancient times.
In Cairo, you can buy items made of wood, copper and brass, leather belts, shoes and bags, good quality perfumes, clothing and Egyptian cotton linens. The most interesting items can be found at the famous Cairo bazaar Cannes el Kalili. Here local craftsmen before your eyes create a luxurious dishes and cups of copper, carved wooden figurines, woven tapestries, woolen and silk carpets. Be sure to visit a jeweler's shop - products such as here, you do not buy anywhere else. By the way, if you are seriously interested in jewelry - go to the street Khaled Sarvada - only the best of the best are here for their goods.
Here, day and night, invite guests to a variety of restaurants, bars, discos and clubs to suit every taste. Cultural enthusiasts can go to the ballet, the opera, a show at the theater, listen to a concert - positive emotions are guaranteed. When the sun sets over the horizon, residents and visitors can watch Cairo amazing laser show "Sound and Light" from the hill on which the spectator seats - there are perfectly visible Egyptian pyramids and the Sphinx. Large-scale representation is accompanied by music and the story of the ancient Masters and architects. An excellent option to spend time can become a journey down the Nile on a passenger boat - an unforgettable experience.
The first mention of the city dates back to the VII century: in ancient documents describing the activities of the commander Amr ibn al-Asa, which is actively spread of Islam in Egypt. Where before there was a Roman camp Babylon, he breaks a new military camp, which can be considered the ancestor of Old Cairo. From 1250 to 1517 years, Egypt, and Cairo, including, was ruled by the Mamluks. It was at this time the city was a notable cultural center: Muslims create many mosques, schools, Quran, mausoleums, and luxurious palaces for the nobility. At the end of the Middle Ages, Cairo acquires the features of provincialism, the former flourishing in the past. Only in 1805, with the arrival of the reformer Muhammad Ali (1805), the city wakes up again: the new ruler strengthened state power and finally drove the Mamluks.