What you need to consider:
- Before the examination, the doctors do not douche and do not enter anything into the vagina.
- Do not use vaginal sprays and creams.
- Do not have sexual intercourse for 24 hours before the visit to the gynecologist.
- Release the bowel and bladder.
To make sure that you know all the answers to troubling questions, we recommend that you write them in advance and come to consult a gynecologist with a ready list. Well, when you have to constantly watch your doctor, you can ask any awkward questions, as the answers can be very important. When dealing with health, no questions should you look stupid or embarrassing.
You should be prepared to answer questions about family medical history, especially when it comes to the female reproductive system cancer or breast cancer. In addition to questions about the family doctor will ask you about your health: the age of the onset of menses, about the cycle, the date of the last menstrual period and the usual cycle length. Be honest when answering questions, whether it is a question of experiencing abortion or uninhibited sexual behavior - it will help preserve the health and sometimes life.
When you need to visit a gynecologist for the first time?
For young girls first inspection should begin with 18 years or since the start of sexual activity (whichever comes first). You must make an appointment in the absence of menstruation.
Required visit to the gynecologist
Should immediately make an inspection to see a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:
- Pain in the vagina;
- Unusual discharge, itching, tumors, lumps in the vagina or around;
- Suspicion of sexually transmitted disease or infection;
- Severe pain during menstruation or irregular menstruation;
- Breast pain, resizing mammary breast disease; - Pain during sexual intercourse.
How does the inspection?
First, the doctor will ask you about the medical facts about you and your family. At this time, you can ask any questions, such as contraception, menstruation or diseases, sexually transmitted diseases.
Then the doctor performs a pelvic examination. At this time, you just need to stay calm and relax as much as possible. Then all manipulations will be comfortable, high quality and best. The doctor examines the genitals outside, that allows to notice signs of cysts, irritation, neoplasms. Then the doctor examines the inside, using a special spreader. It is used for separating the walls of the vagina and the cervix allowing to see and vaginal wall.
If you want to research on diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, carried fence cervical mucus.
If you are sexually active with multiple partners - it increases the chances of infection and viruses. Recommend inform your doctor.
Some diseases, such as cancer of the cervix, in almost all cases is caused by the human papilloma virus, which can be completely asymptomatic present in the body. The presence of pre-cancerous and cancerous cells in the cervix reveals a Pap smear (Pap test).
Then the doctor inserts his fingers into the vagina, pressing on the abdomen to examine the internal organs - the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. The doctor determines the shape and mobility of the uterus. This study may also identify ovarian cysts, fibroids and endometriosis.
After the inspection on the couch doctor may also conduct an ultrasound. Tell your doctor if you feel any pain during the study.
Some procedures are not part of the normal examination, but indications may also be carried out:
- Colposcopy - examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope under magnification.
- Biopsy - a small piece of tissue sampling for the direction of research.
At the inspection is completed. Pap test results are usually available within 7-10 days. If deviations are found - the doctor prescribe treatment. Possible causes of unsatisfactory tests - bacterial vaginosis, vaginal yeast infection and rarely undiagnosed sexually transmitted diseases.
If everything is correct - the next examination by a gynecologist is necessary to conduct a year. If you are using hormonal contraceptives or IUDs, you may be advised to see a doctor every six months. Your gynecologist should be honest and trustworthy, that was not ashamed to ask him any question. Regular visits to the gynecologist is vital to achieve and maintain your sexual health and safety.